New ruthenium complexes containing oligoalkylthiophene-substituted 1,10-phenanthroline for nanocrystalline dye-sensitized solar cells

Chia Yuan Chen, Hung Chieh Lu, Chun Guey Wu, Jian Ging Chen, Kuo Chuan Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

119 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two new ruthenium complexes [Ru(dcbpy)(L)(NCS)2], where dcbpy is 4,4′-dicarboxylic acid-2,2′-bipyridine and L is 3,8-bis(4-octylthiophen-2-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline (CYC-P1) or 3,8-bis(4-octyl-5-(4-octylthiophen-2-yl)thiophen-2-yl)-1,10-phenanthroline (CYC-P2), are synthesized, characterized by physicochemical and semiempirical computational methods, and used as photosensitizers in nanocrystalline dye-sensitized solar cells. It was found that the difference in light-harvesting ability between CYC-P1 and CYC-P2 is associated mainly with the location of the frontier Orbitals, in particular the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO). Increasing the conjugation length of the ancillary ligand decreases the energy of the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) transition, but at the same time reduces the molar absorption coefficient, owing to the HOMO located partially on the ancillary ligand of the ruthenium complex. The incident photon-to-current conversion efficiency curves of the devices are consistent with the MLCT band of the complexes. Therefore, the overall efficiencies of CYC-P1 and CYC-P2 sensitized cells are 6.01 and 3.42 %, respectively, compared to a cw-di(thiocyanato)-bis(2,2′-bipyridyl)-4,4′-dicarboxylate ruthenium(II)-sensitized device, which is 7.70 % using the same device-fabrication process and measuring parameters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jan 2007

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