New method for nonlinear and nonstationary time series analysis: Empirical mode decomposition and Hilbert spectral analysis

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Abstract

A new method for analyzing nonlinear and nonstationary data has been developed. The key part of the method is the Empirical Mode Decomposition method with which any complicated data set can be decomposed into a finite and often small number of Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF). An IMF is defined as any function having the same numbers of zero-crossing and extrema, and also having symmetric envelopes defined by the local maxima and minima respectively. The IMF also admits well-behaved Hilbert transform. This decomposition method is adaptive, and, therefore, highly efficient. Since the decomposition is based on the local characteristic time scale of the data it is applicable to nonlinear and nonstationary processes. With the Hilbert transform, the Intrinsic Mode Functions yield instantaneous frequencies as functions of time that give sharp identifications of imbedded structures. The final presentation of the results is an energy-frequency-time distribution, designated as the Hilbert Spectrum. Comparisons with Wavelet and window Fourier analysis show the new method offers much better temporal and frequency resolutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-209
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4056
StatePublished - 2000
EventWavelet Applications VII - Orlando, FL, USA
Duration: 26 Apr 200028 Apr 2000

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