Multi-functionalized fluorinated graphene composite coating for achieving durable electronics: Ultralow corrosion rate and high electrical insulating passivation

Muhammad Usama Arshad, Dipak Dutta, Yu Yu Sin, Shen Wu Hsiao, Chih Yi Wu, Bor Kae Chang, Liming Dai, Ching Yuan Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Graphene is regarded as the best anticorrosion material; however, due to its inherent electrical conductivity, it, instead, greatly promotes galvanic corrosion when added as a filler above a certain loading threshold in a polymer composite coating. Electrically insulating 2D materials such as hexagonal boron nitride (h-BN), which could be alternatives, also fail due to their poor dispersibility/compatibility with the polymer matrix, thus limiting their practical applications. Herein, we report a unique fluorinated graphene (FG), with optimizable F/C and C/O ratios (versatile surface chemistry properties), produced by scalable fluorination of facile and eco-friendly electrochemically exfoliated graphene (ECG, surface properties of which are tunable by varying electrochemical conditions) and propose a one-step and cost-effective fluorination route towards highly polymer matrix compatible composite for electronic passivation; in fact this alloys two steps optimization of surface functionalities leading to required properties of FG and the composite. By tuning and understanding their hydrophobicity, electrical conductivity, extent of fluorination, etc., through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations as well, with just 1% filler loading, the FG-polymer-composite shows the superior anticorrosion performance (corrosion rate (CR) = 7.83 × 10−8 mm/year; current = 3.37 × 10−12 A cm−2). Construction of a robust diffusion barrier indicated by a monotonic decrease in CR with FG loading leads FG to outperform other reported functionalized graphene and BN-related 2D materials. Extension of the use of FG composites to a nonmetallic substrate such as a flexible printed circuit board (PCB) is an original idea, and superior corrosion inhibition is achieved while preventing the risk of electrical short circuits due to the electrical insulating nature and the high breakdown voltage of FG; thus, making it a durable passivation layer on electronic devices, even in harsh environments. This work represents a breakthrough in anticorrosion technology and provides a novel strategy for exploring extremely impermeable composites for the long-term passivation of multi-functionalized electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-153
Number of pages13
JournalCarbon
Volume195
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • And functional nanocomposite
  • Conformal coating
  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Electrochemically exfoliated graphene (ECG)
  • Fluorinated graphene (FG)
  • Galvanic corrosion
  • Molecular dynamics (MD)
  • Printed circuit board (PCB)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-functionalized fluorinated graphene composite coating for achieving durable electronics: Ultralow corrosion rate and high electrical insulating passivation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this