Moving Object Detection through Image Bit-Planes Representation without Thresholding

Chih Yang Lin, Kahlil Muchtar, Wei Yang Lin, Zhi Yao Jian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background subtraction is an example of a moving object detection technique that uses machine vision systems. Conventional moving object detection methods need complicated thresholds for background modeling to address changes in illumination. This paper proposes a novel background modeling approach without thresholding based on a bit-planes method, which fully utilizes color characteristics through spatial and temporal-based improvement. The proposed idea is effective and efficiently solving for shadow disturbance and brightness changes. We evaluate our proposed method using several challenging indoor and outdoor sequences from the CDNET 2014 dataset. The experiments show that the proposed idea typically achieves a higher rate of detection accuracy than those of the current state-of-the-art approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8694958
Pages (from-to)1404-1414
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020


  • Bit-planes
  • hyper bit-plane
  • spatial improvement
  • temporal improvement


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