Morphology of wetting reactions of SnPb alloys on Cu as a function of alloy composition

C. Y. Liu, K. N. Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


We have investigated the wetting angle, side band growth, and intermetallic compound formation of seven SnPb alloys on Cu ranging from pure Sn to pure Pb. The wetting angle has a minimum near the middle composition and increases toward pure Sn and pure Pb, but the side band growth has a maximum near the middle composition. The intermetallic compounds formed are Cu6Sn5 and Cu3Sn for the eutectic and high-Sn alloys, yet for the high-Pb alloys, only Cu3Sn can be detected. While no intermetallic compound forms between Cu and pure Pb, the latter nevertheless wets the former with an angle of 115°. The driving force of a wetting reaction, which may be affected by the free energy gain in compound formation, is discussed by assuming that rate of compound formation is fast.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-43
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1998


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