Monodispersibility and size control in the preparation of spherical titania particles by thermal hydrolysis of TiCl4 in various solvents

Benjawan Moongraksathum, Der Shing Lee, Yu Wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Spherical anatase TiO2 particles were successfully synthesized by the thermal hydrolysis of TiCl4 in various solvents. In the case of n-propanol, isopropanol, and acetone with an RH ratio of 3, spherical titania particles were produced. In contrast, spherical TiO2 particles did not form in methanol and ethanol because of their high dielectric constants. In this study, different oscillators (an oven, and isothermal and ultrasonic oscillators) were used to prepare titania prior to studying the morphology and particle size. The spherical TiO2 particles prepared using the ultrasonic oscillator were much smaller than those obtained using the other heating methods, because of the lower temperature gradient in the solution; however, a narrower size distribution of particles was observed in the TiO2 prepared in an oven. The presence of acetylacetone as a dispersing agent in the starting solutions significantly reduced the particle size. The optimum concentration of acetylacetone of 0.8 mg/cm3 resulted in more uniform TiO2 spheres with an average particle size of 1.4 µm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-460
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016


  • Dispersant
  • Monodispersed titania
  • Photocatalyst
  • Size control
  • Thermal hydrolysis
  • Titania


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