Modification of carbon black with hydrogen peroxide for high performance anode catalyst of direct methanol fuel cells

Yu Wen Chen, Han Gen Chen, Man Yin Lo, Yan Chih Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, high-surface-area carbon black is used to support PtRu. In order to increase the functional groups on the surface of carbon black and to have a more homogenous dispersed PtRu metal, the surface of carbon black is functionalized by H2 O2 . PtRu/carbon black is synthesized by the deposition–precipitation method. NaH2 PO2 is used as the reducing agent in preparation. These catalysts are characterized by N2 sorption, temperature-programmed desorption, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscope, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The methanol oxidation ability of the catalyst is tested by cyclic voltammetry measurement. Using H2 O2 to modify carbon black can increase the amount of functional groups on the surface, thereby increasing the metal dispersion and decreasing metal particle size. NaH2 PO2 as a reducing agent can suppress the growth of metal particles. The best modified carbon black catalyst is the one modified with 30% H2 O2 . The methanol oxidation activity of the catalyst is mainly related to the particle size of PtRu metal, instead of the surface area and conductivity of carbon black. The PtRu catalyst supported by this modified carbon black has very high activity, with an activity reaching 309.5 A/g.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3902
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Anode catalyst
  • Carbon black
  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Fuel cell
  • PtAu catalyst

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