Modeling typhoon- and earthquake-induced landslides in a mountainous watershed using logistic regression

Kang Tsung Chang, Shou Hao Chiang, Mei Ling Hsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

143 Scopus citations

Abstract

Landslides can be caused by storms and earthquakes. Most logistic regression models proposed in recent years have been targeted at rainfall-induced landslides. In areas such as Taiwan, where landslides can be triggered by typhoons (tropical cyclones) and earthquakes, a rainfall-induced model is insufficient because it provides only a partial explanation of landslide occurrence and overlooks the potential effect of earthquakes on typhoon-triggered landslides. This study used landslides triggered by a major earthquake and a typhoon prior to the earthquake to develop an earthquake-induced model and a typhoon-induced model. The models were then validated by using landslides triggered by three typhoons after the earthquake. According to the results, typhoon-triggered landslides tended to be near stream channels and earthquake-triggered landslides were more likely to be near ridge lines. Moreover, a major earthquake could still affect the locations of typhoon-triggered landslides 6 years after the earthquake. This study therefore demonstrates that an earthquake-induced model both sheds light on the environmental factors for triggering landslides, and augments a rainfall-induced model in its predictive capability in areas such as Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-347
Number of pages13
JournalGeomorphology
Volume89
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2007

Keywords

  • Earthquake-induced
  • Landslide modeling
  • Logistic regression
  • Taiwan
  • Typhoon-induced
  • Wetness index

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