Modeling microbiological and chemical processes in municipal solid waste bioreactor, part II: Application of numerical model BIOKEMOD-3P

Nitin A. Gawande, Debra R. Reinhart, Gour Tsyh Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biodegradation process modeling of municipal solid waste (MSW) bioreactor landfills requires the knowledge of various process reactions and corresponding kinetic parameters. Mechanistic models available to date are able to simulate biodegradation processes with the help of pre-defined species and reactions. Some of these models consider the effect of critical parameters such as moisture content, pH, and temperature. Biomass concentration is a vital parameter for any biomass growth model and often not compared with field and laboratory results. A more complex biodegradation model includes a large number of chemical and microbiological species. Increasing the number of species and user defined process reactions in the simulation requires a robust numerical tool. A generalized microbiological and chemical model, BIOKEMOD-3P, was developed to simulate biodegradation processes in three-phases (Gawande et al. 2009). This paper presents the application of this model to simulate laboratory-scale MSW bioreactors under anaerobic conditions. BIOKEMOD-3P was able to closely simulate the experimental data. The results from this study may help in application of this model to full-scale landfill operation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalWaste Management
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

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