Microstructural Dynamics of Polymer Melts during Stretching: Radial Size Distribution

Ming Chang Hsieh, Yu Hao Tsao, Yu Jane Sheng, Heng Kwong Tsao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The transient elongational viscosity (Formula presented.) of the polymer melt is known to exhibit strain hardening, which depends on the strain rate (Formula presented.). This phenomenon was elucidated by the difference of chain stretching in the entanglement network between extension and shear. However, to date, the microscopic evolution of polymer melt has not been fully statistically analyzed. In this work, the radial size distributions P((Formula presented.)) of linear polymers are explored by dissipative particle dynamics during the stretching processes. In uniaxial extensional flow, it is observed that the mean radius of gyration (Formula presented.) and standard deviation (Formula presented.) remain unchanged until the onset of strain hardening, corresponding to linear viscoelasticity. Both (Formula presented.) and (Formula presented.) rise rapidly in the non-linear regime, and bimodal size distribution can emerge. Moreover, the onset of strain hardening is found to be insensitive to the Hencky strain ((Formula presented.)) and chain length (N).

Original languageEnglish
Article number2067
JournalPolymers
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • dissipative particle dynamics
  • elongational viscosity
  • microstructural dynamics
  • radial size distribution
  • strain hardening

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