Microring Optical Phase-Shifters with Low Driving-Voltage, Low Insertion Loss, and Small Residual Amplitude Modulation

Rui Lin Chao, Zohauddin Ahmad, Jason Jyehong Chen, Yinchieh Lai, Yung Jr Hung, Jin Wei Shi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Novel microring based optical phase-shifters on Si-photonic platforms for microwave photonic applications are demonstrated. By using an add-drop microring structure in combination with an additional multimode interferometer (MMI), pure phase modulation with an ultrahigh modulation efficiency can be realized. Comparison is made to the reference all-pass ring design with both the same radius (5 m) and coupling coefficient (: ~0.2). The demonstrated structure minimizes the residual amplitude modulation (0.9 vs. 1.8 dB) for nearly 2 phase shifting over a wide optical window (1520 to 1570 nm) at the expense of a larger insertion loss (0.06 dB) due to the additional MMI. The demonstrated phase shifter structure is implemented in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) for further study of its dynamic and linearity performance. Under forward bias, it exhibits a low V<sub></sub>/I<sub></sub>(0.4 V/12.7 mA), fast rise-time (3 ns), low insertion loss (0.2 dB), low residue-amplitude-modulations (<0.9 dB), and can cover wide optical windows (1560-1568nm) with a small footprint (3737m<sup>2</sup>). The measured spurious-free dynamic range (SFDR: 70-75 dB) of our novel phase shifter-based MZI is comparable to that of the traditional traveling-wave MZI (~75 dB) under reverse bias and tested using the same setup.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Lightwave Technology
StateAccepted/In press - 2021


  • Optical device fabrication
  • Optical interferometry
  • Optical modulation
  • Phase modulation
  • Phase shifters
  • Structural rings
  • Wavelength measurement
  • optical phase shifter, silicon on insulator technology


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