Micro-anatomical changes in major blood vessel caused by dengue virus (serotype 2) infection

Sivan Padma Priya, S. Sakinah, Mok Pooi Ling, Hui Yee Chee, Akon Higuchi, Rukman Awang Hamat, Vasantha Kumari Neela, Abdullah A. Alarfaj, Murugan A. Munusamy, Ashraf A. Hatamleh, Ahmed E. Al-Sabri, Ibrahim Ahmad Abdulaziz Al-Suwailem, Mariappan Rajan, Giovanni Benelli, Marlina, S. Suresh Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Dengue virus (DENV) has emerged as a major economic concern in developing countries, with 2.5 billion people believed to be at risk. Vascular endothelial cells (ECs) lining the circulatory system from heart to end vessels perform crucial functions in the human body, by aiding gas exchange in lungs, gaseous, nutritional and its waste exchange in all tissues, including the blood brain barrier, filtration of fluid in the glomeruli, neutrophil recruitment, hormone trafficking, as well as maintenance of blood vessel tone and hemostasis. These functions can be deregulated during DENV infection. In this study, BALB/c mice infected with DENV serotype 2 were analyzed histologically for changes in major blood vessels in response to DENV infection. In the uninfected mouse model, blood vessels showed normal architecture with intact endothelial monolayer, tunica media, and tunica adventitia. In the infected mouse model, DENV distorted the endothelium lining and disturbed the smooth muscle, elastic laminae and their supporting tissues causing vascular structural disarrangement. This may explain the severe pathological illness in DENV-infected individuals. The overall DENV-induced damages on the endothelial and it's supporting tissues and the dysregulated immune reactions initiated by the host were discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-219
Number of pages7
JournalActa Tropica
Volume171
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Arbovirus
  • BALB/c mice
  • Dengue fever
  • Hemorrhagic fever
  • Vascular endothelial cells

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