This paper presents a maximum entropy based Chinese named entity recognizer (NER): Mencius. It aims to address Chinese NER problems by combining the advantages of rule-based and machine learning (ML) based NER systems. Rule-based NER systems can explicitly encode human comprehension and can be tuned conveniently, while ML-based systems are robust, portable and inexpensive to develop. Our hybrid system incorporates a rule-based knowledge representation and template-matching tool, InfoMap , into a maximum entropy (ME) framework. Named entities are represented in InfoMap as templates, which serve as ME features in Mencius. These features are edited manually and their weights are estimated by the ME framework according to the training data. To avoid the errors caused by word segmentation, we model the NER problem as a character-based tagging problem. In our experiments, Mencius outperforms both pure rule-based and pure ME-based NER systems. The F-Measures of person names (PER), location names (LOC) and organization names (ORG) in the experiment are respectively 92.4%, 73.7% and 75.3%.
|State||Published - 2003|
|Event||15th Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing, ROCLING 2003 - Hsinchu, Taiwan|
Duration: 1 Sep 2003 → …
|Conference||15th Conference on Computational Linguistics and Speech Processing, ROCLING 2003|
|Period||1/09/03 → …|