This paper evaluates the efficiency of National Basketball Association (NBA) teams under a two-stage DEA framework. Applying the additive efficiency approach, we decompose overall team efficiency into first-stage wage efficiency and second-stage on-court efficiency and find out the individual endogenous weights for each stage. The empirical results show that NBA teams present a better performance on wage efficiency than for on-court efficiency, as on-court efficiency is influenced by many uncontrollable factors. Moreover, NBA teams, on average, tend to possess a higher weight on the first stage, suggesting that teams' managers can enhance organizational efficiency more efficaciously by prudentially recruiting players.
- Additive efficiency decomposition
- On-court efficiency