Measurement of the probability of gluon splitting into charmed quarks in hadronic Z decays

M. Acciarri, P. Achard, O. Adriani, M. Aguilar-Benitez, J. Alcaraz, G. Alemanni, J. Allaby, A. Aloisio, M. G. Alviggi, G. Ambrosi, H. Anderhub, V. P. Andreev, T. Angelescu, F. Anselmo, A. Arefiev, T. Azemoon, T. Aziz, P. Bagnaia, L. Baksay, A. BalandrasR. C. Ball, S. Banerjee, Sw Banerjee, A. Barczyk, R. Barillère, L. Barone, P. Bartalini, M. Basile, R. Battiston, A. Bay, F. Becattini, U. Becker, F. Behner, L. Bellucci, J. Berdugo, P. Berges, B. Bertucci, B. L. Betev, S. Bhattacharya, M. Biasini, A. Biland, J. J. Blaising, S. C. Blyth, G. J. Bobbink, A. Böhm, L. Boldizsar, B. Borgia, D. Bourilkov, M. Bourquin, S. Braccini, J. G. Branson, V. Brigljevic, F. Brochu, A. Buffini, A. Buijs, J. D. Burger, W. J. Burger, A. Button, X. D. Cai, M. Campanelli, M. Capell, G. Cara Romeo, G. Carlino, A. M. Cartacci, J. Casaus, G. Castellini, F. Cavallari, N. Cavallo, C. Cecchi, M. Cerrada, F. Cesaroni, M. Chamizo, Y. H. Chang, U. K. Chaturvedi, M. Chemarin, A. Chen, G. Chen, G. M. Chen, H. F. Chen, H. S. Chen, G. Chiefari, L. Cifarelli, F. Cindolo, C. Civinini, I. Clare, R. Clare, G. Coignet, A. P. Colijn, N. Colino, S. Costantini, F. Cotorobai, B. Cozzoni, B. De La Cruz, A. Csilling, S. Cucciarelli, T. S. Dai, J. A. Van Dalen, R. D'Alessandro, R. De Asmundis

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18 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have measured the probability, n̄(g→cc̄), of a gluon splitting into a charm-quark pair using 1.7 million hadronic Z decays collected by the L3 detector. Two independent methods have been applied to events with a three-jet topology. One method relies on tagging charmed hadrons by identifying a lepton in the lowest energy jet. The other method uses a neural network based on global event shape parameters. Combining both methods, we measure n̄(g→cc̄) = [2.45 ± 0.29 ± 0.53]%. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-255
Number of pages13
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume476
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Mar 2000

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