Measurement of intrinsic radioactivity in a GSO crystal

S. C. Wang, H. T. Wong, M. Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Scintillating crystal detectors offer potential advantages in low-energy low-background experiments for particle physics and astrophysics. The GSO crystal is an interesting detector to explore in future neutrino physics experiments. The contributions to background due to the various channels of intrinsic radio isotopes from the 232Th and 238U series are identified and studied with time-correlation analysis and detailed fits to the spectral shape. Good agreement is achieved between measured and simulated spectra, indicating that background suppression factors to the 10-2-10-3 level are possible. The procedures can be adopted for background understanding and suppression in other low-count-rate experiments where the dominant source of background is from internal radioactivity. Based on 1656 h of data taking, limits on the double beta decay half-life for the various channels in 160Gd are derived. The limits for the neutrinoless and the Majoron modes are T1/20νββ > 2.0(0.8) × 1020 yr and T1/2χββ > 3.0(1.9) × 1019 yr, respectively, at 68(90)% confidence level.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)498-510
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Volume479
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2002

Keywords

  • Neutrinos
  • Radioactive sources
  • Scintillation detector

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