Mass discrepancy-acceleration relation in Einstein rings

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Abstract

We study themass discrepancy-acceleration relation (MDAR) of 57 elliptical galaxies by their Einstein rings from the Sloan Lens ACS Survey (SLACS). The mass discrepancy between the lensing mass and the baryonic mass derived from population synthesis is larger when the acceleration of the elliptical galaxy lenses is smaller. TheMDAR is also related to surface mass density discrepancy. At the Einstein ring, these lenses belong to high-surface-mass density galaxies. Similarly, we find that the discrepancy between the lensing and stellar surface mass density is small. It is consistent with the recent discovery of dynamical surface mass density discrepancy in disc galaxies where the discrepancy is smaller when surface density is larger. We also find relativistic modified Newtonian dynamics (MOND) can naturally explain the MDAR and surface mass density discrepancy in 57 Einstein rings. Moreover, the lensing mass, the dynamical mass and the stellar mass of these galaxies are consistent with each other in relativistic MOND.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)765-771
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume472
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • CD- galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Dark matter
  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular
  • Gravitation
  • Gravitational lensing: strong

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