Magnetic susceptibilities of liquid binary alloys

M. Iwamatsu, S. K. Lai, R. A. Moore, S. Wang

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Abstract

A description of the concentration dependence of the magnetic susceptibilities of a number of liquid binary alloys of simple metals is effected in three stages. First, a previous pseudopotential formalism is extended to enable the calculation of the conduction electron diamagnetic susceptibilities in the pure liquid metals, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, In and Pb. These results are then combined with much earlier calculated values of the diamagnetic susceptibilities of the core electrons and with observed values, existing in the literature, of the total magnetic susceptibilities to infer the conduction electron paramagnetic susceptibilities of the above pure liquid metals. Second, the expressions for the two diamagnetic contributions are modified permitting the determination of their concentration dependence in a number of nearly-free-electron (NFE) like liquid binary alloys. The Landau theory of a Fermi liquid is used to infer the concentration dependence of the paramagnetic contribution. Third, Li-Pb, which is not NFE like over the entire concentration range is treated separately as a special but closely related case. The observed results for the concentration dependence of the total magnetic susceptibility are favourably reproduced, both for those alloy systems exhibiting smooth variations and for those with large variations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number016
Pages (from-to)1027-1040
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics F: Metal Physics
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

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