Magnetic properties and microstructure of melt spun YCo5-xMx ribbons (M = C and Sn; x = 0–0.3)

H. W. Chang, W. C. Ou, Y. I. Lee, C. W. Shih, W. C. Chang, C. C. Yang, C. C. Shaw

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4 Scopus citations


The doping effects of C and Sn on the magnetic properties, structure, and microstructure of melt spun YCo5-xMx (M = C and Sn; x = 0–0.3) ribbons are studied. The permanent magnetic properties of Br = 5.7 kG, iHc = 1.8 kOe, and (BH)max = 2.1 MGOe are obtained for the binary YCo5 ribbon, and they are largely increased to Br = 5.6–5.7 kG, iHc = 7.0–14.7 kOe, (BH)max = 5.3–6.5 MGOe for C-doping ribbons and Br = 5.5–5.6 kG, iHc = 5.2–14.4 kOe, (BH)max = 3.8–6.2 MGOe for Sn-doping ribbons, respectively. All studied ribbons mainly consist of hexagonal 1:5 phase with space group of P6/mmm. The entrance of C or Sn into the crystal structure of 1:5 phase modifies lattice constants and increases Curie temperature. The microstructure is effectively refined from 100 to 300 nm for binary ribbons to 10–50 nm for C-doping and 60–100 nm for Sn-doping ribbons, respectively. For high Sn-content YCo4.7Sn0.3 ribbon, Y5Sn3 precipitates with 10–20 nm in diameter form in the matrix, and these nonmagnetic phase may act as a pinning site to impede magnetization reversal and thus contribute to enhance coercivity. Magnetic property enhancement with C-doping is attributed to the formation of Y(Co, C)5 phase and microstructure refinement, while one with Sn-doping is related to the formation of Y(Co, Sn)5 phase, microstructure refinement, and the induction of nonmagnetic Y5Sn3 precipitates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-241
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
StatePublished - 30 May 2018


  • C and Sn doping effect
  • Melt spun YCo ribbon
  • Permanent magnetic materials


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