Low-temperature CO oxidation on Au/FexOy catalysts

Hsin Yu Lin, Yu Wen Chen

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44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Supported gold catalyst has been reported to have high CO oxidation activity at low-temperature. The aim of this study was to develop a Au/Fe xOy catalyst that is active under ambient conditions, is low-cost, is resistant to moisture, and has high stability. Iron oxide was chosen because it is cheap and resistant to moisture. A method to prepare a FexOy support that has a higher surface area and abundant hydroxyl groups on the surface was developed. The FexOy was prepared with a very low feeding rate of FeCl3 (10 mL/min), at a constant pH of 10, was dried at 120°C, and had a very high surface area with abundant hydroxyl groups. The surface area of FexOy was as high as 400 m2/g. It was used as a support for gold in low-temperature CO oxidation. Supported gold catalysts were prepared by deposition - precipitation (DP) using HAuCl4 as the Au precursor under various pH values and calcined at various temperatures. The catalysts were characterized by atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), N2 sorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). XRD results showed that gold metal had a particle size under the detection limit, which was less than 4 nm. TEM images confirmed that the particle sizes of gold for all the catalysts were less than 4 nm. XPS spectra showed that Au is in metal state Au0. The method applied in this study leads to a fairly uniform dispersion of gold nanoparticles with diameter less than 4 nm and narrow size distribution. The catalytic activity of CO oxidation under ambient conditions was measured using a fixed bed continuous flow reactor. It demonstrated that pH value and calcination temperature play key roles in creating high catalytic performance for the Au/FxOy catalyst. The catalyst prepared by the DP method at pH 9 and calcined at 180°C gave the highest activity. In addition, this catalyst was very resistant to moisture. Full conversion was kept at ambient temperature with, a gas hourly space velocity of 40 000 h-1 over 2000 h on stream.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4569-4576
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume44
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2005

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