Long-term dechlorination of cis-DCE to ethene with co-immobilized Dehalococcoides mccartyi BAV1 and Clostridium butyricum in silica gel system

Che Wei Lu, Chih Ming Kao, Nhu Nguyet Le, Chu Ching Lin, Ssu Ching Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Chloroethenes are common groundwater pollutants, and have been classified as toxic and carcinogenic to humans. The metabolites of chloroethenes, cis-dichloroethene (cis-DCE) and vinyl chloride (VC) commonly accumulate in groundwater due to their recalcitrant reductive dechlorination under anaerobic conditions. Dehalococcoides mccartyi (Dhc) is the key anaerobic bacteria for complete dechlorination of chloroethene, and Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) can provide hydrogen for supporting the growth of Dhc. In this study, we co-immobilized Dhc strain BAV1 and C. butyricum in a silica gel to determine the ability of the complete dechlorination of cis-DCE. Our results showed that our immobilized system could protect BAV1 from a high concentration (8 mM) of cis-DCE to carry out complete dechlorination. After the long-term use of our immobilized system, the activity of complete dechlorination was maintained for more than 180 consecutive days. Furthermore, we applied the immobilized system to remediate contaminated groundwater and uncovered the complete dechlorination of cis-DCE into ethene, a non-toxic product, within 28 days. Therefore, this novel co-immobilized system could serve a solution for bioremediation at chloroethene-contaminated sites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128355
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume430
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2022

Keywords

  • cis-DCE
  • Clostridium butyricum
  • Co-immobilized
  • Dehalococcoides mccartyi
  • Silica gel

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Long-term dechlorination of cis-DCE to ethene with co-immobilized Dehalococcoides mccartyi BAV1 and Clostridium butyricum in silica gel system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this