Listen before Receive (LBR) Assisted Network Access in LAA and WiFi Heterogeneous Networks

Chin Ya Huang, Hsueh Yi Chen, Chen Hao Huang, Shiann Tsong Sheu, Te Wei Chiang, Tzu Ling Cheng, Chen Chi Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The Listen-Before-Talk (LBT) is the main procedure for Licensed Assisted Access (LAA) to accomplish fair and friendly coexistence with other operators or technologies operating over unlicensed spectrum. However, in LBT, the lack of coordination with other existing systems brings challenges in sustaining performance in the coexistence of LAA and WiFi networks. Specifically, the hidden node problem (HNP) and exposed node problem (ENP) cannot be effectively handled when both LAA and WiFi nodes attempt to access the unlicensed spectrum at the same time. Thus, transmission failure might occur and the network performance would be degraded. In order to mitigate the influences caused by HNP and ENP, based on LBT, we firstly analyze HNP and ENP by means of mathematical approach. The analytical results surprisingly reveal that the hidden node and exposed node probabilities are as high as 41% and 39.33%, respectively. Then, a Give And p-persistent Take (GAT) mechanism with the Listen-Before-Receive (LBR) procedure, namely LBR-GAT, is proposed to cope with LBT to reduce the collision caused by HNP as well as to retrieve the bandwidth sacrificed by the ENP. With LBR-GAT, the LAA sender conditionally gives up or takes back transmission opportunities, and thus the unlicensed spectrum could be efficiently shared between LAA and WiFi. Evaluation results show that the proposed LBR-GAT could conditionally obtain better network performance comparing to legacy LBT.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9376866
Pages (from-to)43845-43861
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • Exposed node problem (ENP)
  • hidden node problem (HNP)
  • licensed assisted access (LAA)
  • listen-before-receive (LBR)
  • listen-before-talk (LBT)


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