Lightning related transient luminous events at high altitude in the earth's atmosphere: Phenomenology, mechanisms and effects

Victor P. Pasko, Yoav Yair, Cheng Ling Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a literature survey on the recent developments related to experimental and modeling studies of transient luminous events (TLEs) in the middle atmosphere termed elves, sprites and jets that are produced in association with thunderstorm activity at tropospheric altitudes. The primary emphasis is placed on publications that appeared in refereed literature starting from year 2008 and up to the present date. The survey covers general phenomenology of TLEs and their relationships to characteristics of individual thunderstorms and lightning, physical mechanisms and modeling of TLEs, past, present and future orbital observations of TLEs, and their chemical, energetic and electric effects on local and global scales.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-516
Number of pages42
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume168
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • Atmospheric electricity
  • Blue jets
  • Elves
  • Gigantic jets
  • Lightning
  • Sprite halos
  • Sprites

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