Lattice Expansion and Crystallite Size Analyses of NiO-BaCe0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O3-δ Anode Composite for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells Application

Nurul Waheeda Mazlan, Munirah Shafiqah Murat, Chung Jen Tseng, Oskar Hasdinor Hassan, Nafisah Osman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study reports on the structure analyses of NiO-BCZY (BCZY = BaCe0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O3-δ) anode composite materials with the ratio of 50:50 for proton ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) application. A product of sintered NiO-BCZY was developed to understand the structural properties of the anode materials. The objectives of this work were (a) to investigate the lattice expansion of the anode by using a high-temperature XRD (HT-XRD) from 400–700 °C; and (b) to calculate the crystallite size of the sample by using Scherrer’s and Williamson Hall’s methods. The results obtained from the HT-XRD revealed that the diffraction peaks of NiO and BCZY are matched with the cubic phase perovskite structure. For example at T = 400 °C, the lattice parameter of NiO is a = 4.2004 Å and BCZY is a = 4.3331 Å. The observation also showed that the lattice expansion increased with the temperature. Furthermore, analyses of the Scherrer and Williamson Hall methods, respectively, showed that the crystallite size is strongly correlated with the lattice expansion, which proved that the crystallite size increased as the operating temperature increased. The increment of crystallite size over the operating temperature contributed to the increment of conductivity values of the single cell.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8520
JournalEnergies
Volume15
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • NiO-BCZY
  • anode composite
  • conductivity
  • crystallite size
  • lattice expansion
  • power density

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Lattice Expansion and Crystallite Size Analyses of NiO-BaCe0.54Zr0.36Y0.1O3-δ Anode Composite for Proton Ceramic Fuel Cells Application'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this