Kinematic analysis and evaluation of a hybrid mechanism for computer assisted bone reduction surgery

Sinh Nguyen Phu, Terence Essomba, Irwansyah Idram, Jiing Yi Lai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In severe fracture cases, a bone can be separated into two fragments and it is mandatory to reposition the bone fragments together. This type of surgery is called "bone reduction surgery". Originally, the operation consisted in manipulating the bones fragments by hand in open surgery. The most advanced technique relies on robotic manipulators providing higher precision and stability. A new mechanical architecture is proposed based on a 3-RPS tripod parallel mechanism combined with a Double Triangular Planar parallel mechanism. Its kinematic and velocity models are calculated and the parasitic motion generated by the tripod mechanism is considered in the final result. The workspace it can generate is compared to the Stewart manipulator, which is a classical mechanism for the targeted application. The use of a robotic manipulator is due to be part of an entire surgical procedure involving a pre-operative simulation software dedicated to pre-planning reduction surgery, namely PhysiGuide. It is used to measure the kinematic associated with bone fragments manipulation and transfer it to the robot during the intra-operative phase. Simulations are then performed based on a real patient's fracture images showing the suitability of the present mechanism with bone reduction surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-604
Number of pages16
JournalMechanical Sciences
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 Dec 2019

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