Investigation of the CCN activity, BC and UVBC mass concentrations of biomass burning aerosols during the 2013 BASELInE campaign

Ta Chih Hsiao, Wei Cheng Ye, Sheng Hsiang Wang, Si Chee Tsay, Wei Nai Chen, Neng Huei Lin, Chung Te Lee, Hui Ming Hung, Ming Tung Chuang, Somporn Chantara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biomass-burning (BB) aerosols, acting as cloud condensation nuclei (CCN), can influence cloud microphysical and radiative properties. In this study, we present CCN measured near the BB source regions over northern Southeast Asia (Doi Ang Khang, Thailand) and at downwind receptor areas (Lulin Atmospheric Background Station, Taiwan), focusing exclusively on 13–20 March 2013 as part of 2013 spring campaign of the Seven SouthEast Asian Studies (7-SEAS) intensive observation. One of the campaign’s objectives is to characterize BB aerosols serving as CCN in SouthEast Asia (SEA). CCN concentrations were measured by a CCN counter at 5 supersaturation (SS) levels: 0.15%, 0.30%, 0.45%, 0.60%, and 0.75%. In addition, PM2.5 and black carbon mass concentrations were analyzed by using a tapered element oscillating microbalance and an aethalometer. It was found the number-size distributions and the characteristics of hygroscopicity (e.g., activation ratio and κ) of BB aerosols in SEA have a strong diurnal pattern, and different behaviors of patterns were characterized under two distinct weather systems. The overall average κ value was low (0.05–0.1) but comparable with previous CCN studies in other BB source regions. Furthermore, a large fraction of UV-absorbing organic material (UVBC) and high Delta-C among BB aerosols were also observed, which suggest the existence of substantial particulate organic matter in fresh BB aerosols. These data provide the most extensive characterization of BB aerosols in SEA until now.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2742-2756
Number of pages15
JournalAerosol and Air Quality Research
Volume16
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Biomass burning aerosol
  • Cloud condensation nuclei
  • Diurnal cycle
  • Hygroscopicity
  • Long-range transport

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