Investigation of Kelvin wave periods during Hai-Tang typhoon using Empirical Mode Decomposition

P. Kishore, J. Jayalakshmi, Pay Liam Lin, Isabella Velicogna, Tyler C. Sutterley, Enrico Ciracì, Yara Mohajerani, S. Balaji Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Equatorial Kelvin waves (KWs) are fundamental components of the tropical climate system. In this study, we investigate Kelvin waves (KWs) during the Hai-Tang typhoon of 2005 using Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) of regional precipitation, zonal and meridional winds. For the analysis, we use daily precipitation datasets from the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP) and wind datasets from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Interim Re-analysis (ERA-Interim). As an additional measurement, we use in-situ precipitation datasets from rain-gauges over the Taiwan region. The maximum accumulated precipitation was approximately 2400 mm during the period July 17–21, 2005 over the southwestern region of Taiwan. The spectral analysis using the wind speed at 950 hPa found in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) reveals prevailing Kelvin wave periods of ∼3 days, ∼4–6 days, and ∼6–10 days, respectively. From our analysis of precipitation datasets, we found the Kelvin waves oscillated with periods between ∼8 and 20 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-202
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
StatePublished - Nov 2017


  • Empirical mode decomposition (EMD)
  • Kelvin and planetary waves
  • Precipitation
  • Typhoon-rainfall
  • Winds


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