Intriguing field-effect-transistor performance of two-dimensional layered and crystalline CrI3

Ranjit A. Patil, Hao Wei Tu, Ming Hsing Jen, Jing Jia Lin, Ching Cherng Wu, Chun Chuen Yang, Duy Van Pham, Chih Hung Tsai, Chien Chih Lai, Yung Liou, Wen Bin Jian, Yuan Ron Ma

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18 Scopus citations


There are many candidate materials that can be used as channel materials for the next-generation field effect transistors (FETs). CrI3 is one of the particular candidates for application in FET, because it is a two-dimensional (2D) ferromagnet and has giant tunneling magnetoresistance. The ferromagnetic nature extends to not only electronics but also spintronics. In this study, the large-area, layered, and crystalline 2D CrI3 were synthesized by horizontal Bridgman method. The suspended CrI3 FETs were fabricated for explorations of intrinsic electron transport in the CrI3 channel and of electrical contact problems. The suspended FET structure lets the CrI3 channel free from trapping charges in the SiO2-capped Si substrate. The on–off ratio of the suspended CrI3 FET is up to 104, making the 2D layered CrI3 potential for future FETs. The investigations of the mobility and the interface-trap density at various temperatures reveal that the trapping charges as well as the interface-trap densities are increased with further gas adsorption on the surface of the CrI3 flake. The performance of the suspended CrI3 FET can be improved, if the gas adsorption problem can be carefully treated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100174
JournalMaterials Today Physics
StatePublished - Mar 2020


  • Chromium triiodide
  • Field effect transistors
  • Large-area
  • Two-dimensional materials


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