Interplay between Young Stars and Molecular Clouds in the Ophiuchus Star-forming Complex

Aashish Gupta, Wen Ping Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present spatial and kinematic correlation between the young stellar population and the cloud clumps in the Ophiuchus star-forming region. The stellar sample consists of known young objects at various evolutionary stages, taken from the literature, some of which are diagnosed with Gaia EDR3 parallax and proper-motion measurements. The molecular gas is traced by the 850 μm Submillimetre Common-User Bolometer Array-2 image, reaching ∼2.3 mJy beam-1, the deepest so far for the region, stacked from the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope/Transient program aiming to detect submillimeter outburst events. Our analysis indicates that the more evolved sources, namely the class II and III young stars, are located further away from clouds than class I and flat-spectrum sources that have ample circumstellar matter and are closely associated with natal clouds. Particularly the class II and III population is found to exhibit a structured spatial distribution indicative of passage of shock fronts from the nearby Sco-Cen OB association thereby compressing clouds to trigger star formation, with the latest starbirth episode occurring now in the densest cloud filaments. The young stars at all evolutionary stages share similar kinematics. This suggests that the stellar patterns trace the relics of parental cloud filaments that now have been dispersed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number233
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume163
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

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