Intelligent wind power smoothing control with BESS

Faa Jeng Lin, Hsuang Chang Chiang, Jin Kuan Chang, Yung Ruei Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


An intelligent wind power smoothing control using recurrent fuzzy neural network (RFNN) is proposed in this study. First, the modeling of wind power generator and the designed battery energy storage system (BESS) are introduced. The BESS is consisted of a bidirectional interleaved DC/DC converter and a 3-arm 3-level inverter. Then, the network structure of the RFNN and its online learning algorithms are described in detail. Moreover, actual wind data is adopted as the input to the designed wind power generator model. Furthermore, the three-phase output currents of the wind power generator are converted to dq-axis current components. The resulted q-axis current is the input of the RFNN power smoothing control and the output is a gentle wind power curve to achieve the effect of wind power smoothing. The difference of the actual wind power and smoothed power is supplied by the BESS. The minimum energy capacity of the BESS with a small fluctuation of the grid power can be achieved by the RFNN power smoothing control. A digital signal processor (DSP) based BESS is built using two TMS320F28335. From the experimental results of various wind variation sceneries, the effectiveness of the proposed intelligent wind power smoothing control is verified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)398-407
Number of pages10
JournalIET Renewable Power Generation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2017


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