Integrated optimum layout of conformal cooling channels and optimal injection molding process parameters for optical lenses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Plastic lenses are light and can be mass-produced. Large-diameter aspheric plastic lenses play a substantial role in the optical industry. Injection molding is a popular technology for plastic optical manufacturing because it can achieve a high production rate. Highly efficient cooling channels are required for obtaining a uniform temperature distribution in mold cavities. With the recent advent of laser additive manufacturing, highly efficient three-dimensional spiral channels can be realized for conformal cooling technique. However, the design of conformal cooling channels is very complex and requires optimization analyses. In this study, finite element analysis is combined with a gradient-based algorithm and robust genetic algorithm to determine the optimum layout of cooling channels. According to the simulation results, the use of conformal cooling channels can reduce the surface temperature difference of the melt, ejection time, and warpage. Moreover, the optimal process parameters (such as melt temperature, mold temperature, filling time, and packing time) obtained from the design of experiments improved the fringe pattern and eliminated the local variation of birefringence. Thus, this study indicates how the optical properties of plastic lenses can be improved. The major contribution of present proposed methods can be applied to a mold core containing the conformal cooling channels by metal additive manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4341
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Birefringence
  • Design of experiments
  • Fringe pattern
  • Gradient-based algorithm
  • Robust genetic algorithm
  • Warpage

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Integrated optimum layout of conformal cooling channels and optimal injection molding process parameters for optical lenses'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this