Integrated ground and vertical measurement techniques to characterize overhead atmosphere: Case studies of local versus transboundary pollution

Chang Feng Ou-Yang, Chih Chung Chang, Sheng Hsiang Wang, Charles C.K. Chou, Ming Tung Chuang, Tang Huang Lin, Wei Nai Chen, Ta Chih Hsiao, Ming Cheng Yen, Yueh Chen Wang, Neng Huei Lin, Jia Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Much attention has been found to the long-range transport (LRT) of air pollutants and their adverse effects on downwind air qualities resulting from the Chinese haze, which frequently occurs in association with winter monsoon. This study integrates ground-based measurements, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and model simulations to characterize the meteorological, chemical, and particulate matter (PM) properties comprehensively for the events that were LRT or local pollution (LP) dominated in northern Taiwan during the wintertime of 2017. During the two types of episodes, various approaches were made to investigate the vertical mixing conditions and PM properties with UAV flights. A confined and PM accumulated feature near ground level with a temperature inversion was found during the LP event. In contrast, a vertically homogeneous atmospheric structure with strong winds was suggested during the LRT event. Independent measurements of criteria air pollutants, meteorological variables, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and micropulse lidar (MPL) made at the ground level were closely supported by the vertical measurements. When synchronizing all these observational and numerical tools in a three-dimensional manner, the characterization of air masses and possible origins of pollution, such as LP vs. LRT, has now become more versatile and capable of gaining a complete picture of atmospheric conditions that define air quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number163919
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume887
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Haze
  • Long-range transport (LRT)
  • Micropulse lidar (MPL)
  • Printed Optical Particle Spectrometer (POPS)
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs)

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