Influence of velocity dispersions on star-formation activities in galaxies

Tsan Ming Wang, Chorng Yuan Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We investigated the influence of the random velocity of molecular gas on star-formation activities of six nearby galaxies. The physical properties of a molecular cloud, such as temperature and density, influence star-formation activities in the cloud. Additionally, local and turbulent motions of molecules in a cloud may exert substantial pressure on gravitational collapse and thus prevent or reduce star formation in the cloud. However, the influence of gas motion on star-formation activities remains poorly understood. We used data from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array to obtain 12CO(J = 1-0) flux and velocity dispersion. We then combined these data with 3.6 and 8 micron midinfrared data from the Spitzer Space Telescope to evaluate the effects of gas motion on star-formation activities in several nearby galaxies. We discovered that relatively high velocity dispersion in molecular clouds corresponds with relatively low star-formation activity. Considering the velocity dispersion as an additional parameter, we derived a modified Kennicutt-Schmidt law with a gas surface density power index of 0.84 and velocity dispersion power index of-0.61.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA24
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume641
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Galaxies: ISM
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Galaxies: star formation

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