Influence of process conditions on tensile properties polyoxymethylene composite

C. I. Hsu, Jiun Ren Hwang, Ping Huang Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the influence of process conditions on the tensile properties of polyoxymethylene (POM) composites that contain three amounts of glass fiber-reinforcement (0 wt%, 15 wt% and 25 wt%). Four processing parameters - orientation of fiber, thickness of fiber layer, amount of fiber, and injection molding parameter were considered. The morphology of the fiber layer is observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), to elucidate the correlation between the orientation of the fibers and the mechanism of fracture of the bucking surface. The experimental results show that the maximum ultimate stress is obtained at a filling time of 1.5 s, a melt temperature of 215°C, a mold temperature of 75°C, and a packing pressure 75 MPa. SEM revealed that the composite contained two distinct layers. The fibers in the frozen layer were parallel to the melt flow, while the fiber was perpendicular to the melt flow in the core layer. The thickness of the frozen layer increased with the amount of fiber, increasing tensile strength. Additionally, fiber pullout and across-matrix cracking are the main fracture mechanisms of the frozen layer, whereas failure of the fiber-matrix interface is the major fracture mechanism in the core layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2402-2412
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites
Volume29
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Fiber orientation.
  • Fiber reinforced
  • Injection molding
  • Polyoxymethylene
  • Tensile properties

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