Inducing rules for selecting retaining wall systems

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6 Scopus citations


Rule induction is a paradigm of machine learning that governs how knowledge is acquired from experience. This paradigm not only classifies existing data into logical sets, but also expresses them by 'if-then' rules. Rule induction can be applied to the experience-oriented construction industry. A typical example would be to select an appropriate retaining wall system at the project planning stage, in which engineers normally employ certain empirical laws or select from the types for which they have relevant expertise in making appropriate selections. This work presents a novel rule induction approach, capable of inducing from 254 retaining wall cases in engineering design reports into 181 rules, thereby allowing for an appropriate retaining wall system to be selected. A system referred to herein as RULES is also constructed with an illustrative example provided as well. Test results of the system demonstrate that the rule induction approach can effectively resolve retaining wall selection problems at the project planning stage. The approach proposed herein is highly promising for resolving experience-oriented problems in the construction industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-98
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction Management and Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Artificial intelligence
  • Knowledge discovery
  • Retaining wall selection
  • Rule induction


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