Individual differences in an English learning achievement system: gaming flow experience, gender differences and learning motivation

Jie Chi Yang, Benazir Quadir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations

Abstract

Despite the growing interest in digital game-based learning (DGBL), there has been a lack of attention paid to the effects of individual differences, such as gaming flow experience and gender differences, in a reward-based achievement system. To this end, this study developed an achievement system with a reward mechanism to facilitate English learning. This study investigated how individuals’ gaming flow experience levels affected their levels of learning motivation, and whether any gender differences existed in gaming flow experience and learning motivation while engaging in the achievement system. The results showed that gaming flow experience significantly predicted learning motivation, whereby the students with high gaming flow experience were six times more likely to have high learning motivation than those with low gaming flow experience. Subsequent analysis showed that the female students had significantly higher gaming flow than the male students, but the male and female students showed similar learning motivation. Furthermore, the results indicated that the male students achieved more interactive rewards than the female students, but no significant differences were found in the male and female students’ achievement of other types of rewards. Based on these findings, the authors contribute to the literature by developing a framework which can be applied to support designers to accommodate individual differences in DGBL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-366
Number of pages16
JournalTechnology, Pedagogy and Education
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 May 2018

Keywords

  • Digital game-based learning
  • gaming flow experience
  • gender differences
  • learning motivation
  • reward

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