Incorporating customization and personalization into game-based learning: A cognitive style perspective

Oskar Ku, Chi Chen Hou, Sherry Y. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, customization and personalization were widely applied to accommodate the needs of different cognitive style groups. Such two approaches have different advantages and disadvantages but there is a lack of studies to compare these two approaches from the perspective of game-based learning, which is currently popular in educational settings. To this end, we developed a customized game-based learning system and a personalized game-based learning system and conducted two empirical studies to examine how cognitive styles affected learner's reactions to these two game-based learning systems. The results from the customized game-based learning system showed that Holists might not always favor to listen to music because they frequently switched on/off music. On the other hand, Serialists did not prefer to use hints. In addition, learners with the customized game-based learning system had more positive perceptions while learners with the personalized game-based learning system had more negative perceptions though both systems were useful to enhance learners' learning performance, regardless of their cognitive styles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)359-368
Number of pages10
JournalComputers in Human Behavior
Volume65
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Cognitive styles
  • Customization
  • Game-based learning
  • Personalization

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