In situ fabrication of Co0.85Se and Ni0.85Se hierarchical thin films as high-performance counter electrode for dye-sensitized solar cells

Yueh Yun Yao, Hsi Jung Chao, Tzung Han Chou, Sheng Hsiung Chang, Chun Guey Wu, Yong Chien Ling, Jia Yaw Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cobalt selenide (Co0.85Se) and nickel selenide (Ni0.85Se) hierarchical thin films assembled using by nanosheets and nanoparticles, respectively, were fabricated in situ on fluorine-doped tin oxide substrates in a ligand-free environment to prepare counter electrodes (CEs) for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) consisting of a N719-sensitized nanocrystalline TiO2 film. The Co0.85Se- and Ni0.85Se-based CEs were rapidly synthesized via a microwave-assisted one-step method at 170 °C within a short reaction time of 10 min. The morphology and structure of the Co0.85Se and Ni0.85Se hierarchical thin films were characterized by means of scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and Tafel polarization measurements showed that both CEs exhibited good electrocatalytic activity and I/I3 redox reactions and much lower charge-transfer resistance. A power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 8.58% for the Co0.85Se CE-based solar cell was obtained, which is comparable to that of cells using Pt CEs (8.57%); 7.09% PCE was obtained for the Ni0.85Se-based CE. The results suggest that in situ-prepared Co0.85Se-based CEs could be a promising alternative to Pt-based CEs for DSSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)401-408
Number of pages8
JournalSolar Energy
Volume137
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • CoSe
  • Counter electrode
  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Hierarchical thin film
  • NiSe

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