Improving low-resource machine transliteration by using 3-way transfer learning

Chun Kai Wu, Chao Chuang Shih, Yu Chun Wang, Richard Tzong Han Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Transfer learning brings improvement to machine translation by using a resource-rich language pair to pretrain the model and then adapting it to the desired language pair. However, to date, there have been few attempts to tackle machine transliteration with transfer learning. In this article, we propose a method of using source–pivot and pivot–target datasets to improve source–target machine transliteration. Our approach first bridges the source–pivot and pivot–target datasets by reducing the distance between source and pivot embeddings. Then, our model learns to translate from the pivot language to the target language. Finally, the source–target dataset is used to fine tune the model. Our experiments show that our method is superior to the transfer learning method. When implemented with a state-of-the-art source–target translation model from NEWS’18, our transfer learning method can improve the accuracy by 1.1%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101283
JournalComputer Speech and Language
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Low resource
  • Machine transliteration
  • Transfer learning


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