Impact of radio occultation data on the prediction of typhoon haishen (2020) with wrfda hybrid assimilation

Shu Ya Chen, Thi Chinh Nguyen, Ching Yuang Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

FORMOSAT‐7/COSMIC‐2 (FS7/C2) satellite was successfully launched in June 2019. The satellite provides about 5000 radio occultation (RO) soundings daily over the tropical and partial subtropical regions. Such plentiful RO soundings with high accuracy and vertical resolution could be used to improve model initial analysis for typhoon prediction. In this study, assimilation experiments with and without the RO data were conducted with the WRFDA hybrid system for the prediction of Typhoon Haishen (2020). The experimental results show a remarkable improvement in typhoon track prediction with RO data assimilation, especially when using a nonlocal refractivity operator. Results in cycling DA and forecast are analyzed and verified for the RO data impact. Di-agnostics of potential vorticity (PV) tendency budget helps explain the typhoon translation induced by different physical processes in the budget. The typhoon translation is essentially dominated by horizontal PV advection, but the track deviation can increase due to the vertical PV advection with opposite effects in the absence of RO data. Sensitivity experiments for different model initial times, physics schemes, and RO observation amounts show positive RO data impacts on typhoon predic-tion, mainly contributed from FS7. Complementary, an improved forecast of Typhoon Hagupit (2020) is also illustrated for the RO data impact.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1397
JournalAtmosphere
Volume12
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • FORMOSAT‐7/COSMIC‐2
  • Hybrid WRFDA
  • Radio occultation
  • Typhoon Haishen

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