Immediate impact of the Mt Chaiten eruption on atmosphere from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC constellation

Kuo Ying Wang, Song Chin Lin, Lou Chuang Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

After being dormant for more than 9000 years, Mount Chaiten in southern Chile started to erupt in the early morning (around 0430-0600 UTC) of 2 May 2008. In this work we combine data from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC and the NCEP GFS model to reveal spatial and temporal evolution of temperatures following the eruption. The eruption occurred when there were active synoptic waves passing over South America. As a result, the volcanic plumes were carried downstream in the westerly flow to the eastern South Atlantic over several days following the eruption. Estimated peak temperature reductions of up to 10 K associated with the volcanic plume were confined to downwind locations and at altitudes between 12 and 20 km. Temperature increases in the troposphere at altitudes below 10 km were associated with the transport of warm air from low latitudes toward midlatitudes. This work shows that FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC is useful for near real-time global temperature monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL03808
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Feb 2009

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Immediate impact of the Mt Chaiten eruption on atmosphere from FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC constellation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this