Identification of Concurrent Clear‐Air and Precipitation Doppler Profiles for VHF Radar and an Incorporating Study of Strongly Convective Precipitation with Dual‐Polarized Microwave Radiometer

Shih Chiao Tsai, Yen Hsyang Chu, Jenn Shyong Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two approaches were designed to identify the echoes of clear air and precipitation when both coexist in the very‐high‐frequency (VHF) radar spectra: contour‐based and peak‐finding methods. The contour‐based approach was used to model a 2D Doppler spectra to determine the locations of multiple spectral humps, and the peak‐finding approach was used to find the spectral peaks on request. Grouping, sifting, and Gaussian fitting were performed further for such obtained contour centres and spectral peaks to yield Doppler velocities and spectral widths. In general, the two approaches resulted in corresponding outcomes and can be complementary to find the spectral peaks as fully as possible. The Doppler velocities retrieved from the two approaches were cooperatively used to develop an effective process of Doppler profiling for treating a great amount of radar data, which was validated with the radar data collected during a rainy and strongly convective atmosphere. As an application of Doppler profiling results, the hydrometeor parameters measured by a dual‐polarized microwave radiometer were investigated jointly with radar observation, showing that a strong updraft air could bring the liquid water to a height above the melting layer and then the Bergeron effect and coalescence processes on formation of ice crystals and graupel particles occur accordingly.

Original languageEnglish
Article number557
JournalAtmosphere
Volume13
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • Bergeron effect
  • Doppler profile
  • Gaussian fitting
  • VHF radar
  • clear air
  • coalescence
  • contour
  • microwave radiometer
  • peak‐finding
  • precipitation

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