Identification and formation mechanism of individual degradation products in lithium-ion batteries studied by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and atmospheric solid analysis probe mass spectrometry

Sahori Takeda, Wataru Morimura, Yi Hung Liu, Tetsuo Sakai, Yuria Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: Improvement of lithium ion batteries (LIBs) in terms of performance and robustness requires good understanding of the reaction processes. The analysis of the individual degradation products in LIB electrolytes and on the surface of the electrodes provides vital information in this regard. In this study, mass spectrometric analytical methods were utilized for the identification of the individual degradation products. Methods: The degradation products in the electrolytes recovered from cycle-tested cells were separated by liquid chromatography (LC) and their mass spectrometric analysis was conducted by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). For identification of degradation products on the surface of electrodes, atmospheric solid analysis probe (ASAP)-MS analysis was conducted by time-of-flight mass spectrometry with an ASAP probe and an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization source. Results: The degradation products in the electrolytes, namely carbonate oligomers and organophosphates, were identified simultaneously by LC/ESI-MS. Their formation mechanisms were estimated, which explain their different compositions at different temperatures. One degradation product was found on the anode surface by ASAP-MS, and its formation mechanism was explained similarly to those in the electrolyte. Conclusions: The results suggest that the electrolyte degradation is correlated with the formation of a solid electrolyte interphase, which is an important factor in the performance of LIBs. We expect that further investigation of the degradation products by LC/ESI-MS and ASAP-MS will be helpful for studying their degradation processes in LIBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1754-1762
Number of pages9
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2016

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