Hydrogen gas yield and trace pollutant emission evaluation in automotive shredder residue (ASR) gasification using prepared oyster shell catalyst

Shih Yuan Cheng, Ngo Thi Ngoc Lan Thao, Kung Yuh Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

This work examines the hydrogen gas yield and trace pollutants partitioning in automobile shredder residue (ASR) catalytic gasification by fixed bed and fluidized bed gasifier with controlling at equilibrium ratio (ER) 0.2, temperature 900 °C, and 5%–15% prepared catalyst addition. Oyster shell (OS) is a valuable resource due to its higher calcium content that it could prepare as a catalyst for enhancing the hydrogen production in ASR gasification. In the case of the fixed bed gasifier experiments, the highest lower heating value (LHV) and syngas production were found at 900 °C and 10% OS catalyst addition. The maximum H2 and CO composition were 6.57% and 5.97%, respectively. The LHV of syngas was approximately 4.43 MJ/Nm3. The fluidized bed gasifier could provide a good ASR decomposition and heat transfer behavior. The syngas yield results indicated the maximum H2 and CO composition were 12.12% and 10.59%, respectively. It was obviously showed that the syngas production and energy conversion efficiency were enhanced by applying fluidized bed gasifier. The maximum produced gas LHV was 10.77 MJ/Nm3 as well as the cold gas efficiency (CGE) of produced gas was 71.62%. On the other hand, the volatile sulfur and chlorine speciation formed in ASR gasification were mainly partitioned in the solid and/or liquid phase. It implied that tested OS catalysts could inhibit the volatile sulfur and chlorine speciation emission in the produced gas as well as enhance the produced gas quality. In summary, this research could provide basic insight into enhanced syngas production and quality in ASR catalytic gasification using the prepared OS catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22232-22245
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume45
Issue number42
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Automobile shredder residue (ASR)
  • Gasification
  • Oyster shell
  • Partitioning

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