Hybrid neuro-fuzzy system for adaptive vehicle separation control

I. Chang Jou, Chung Jyi Chang, Huey Kuo Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The primary purpose of this paper is to develop a robust adaptive vehicle separation control in the increasingly important roles of intelligent transportation system (ITS). A hybrid neuro-fuzzy system (HNFS) is proposed for developing the adaptive vehicle separation control to minimize the distance (headway) between successive cars. This hybrid system consists of two modules: a headway identification (prediction) module and a control decision module. Each of these modules is realized with a distinct neuro-fuzzy network that upgrades hierarchical granularity and reduces the complexity in the control system. Given the current headway and relative velocity between the two consecutive cars, the headway identification module predicts the headway of the next time instant. This identified headway, together with the desired velocity are input to the control decision module whose output is the actual acceleration/deceleration control output. The HNFS encapsulates the adaptive learning capabilities of a neural network into a fuzzy logic control framework to fine-tune the fuzzy control rules. On the other hand, rules derived initially from well-defined fuzzy phase plane accelerate the training of the neural network. Simulation results are very encouraging. It is observed that the headway decreases significantly without sacrificing speed. Furthermore, both stability and robustness of HNFS are demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-29
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of VLSI Signal Processing Systems for Signal, Image, and Video Technology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1999


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