Hubble constant, lensing, and time delay in relativistic Modified Newtonian Dynamics

Yong Tian, Chung Ming Ko, Mu Chen Chiu

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8 Scopus citations


The time delay in galaxy gravitational lensing systems has been used to determine the value of the Hubble constant. As with other dynamical phenomena on the galaxy scale, dark matter is often invoked in gravitational lensing to account for the "missing mass" (the apparent discrepancy between the dynamical mass and the luminous mass). Alternatively, modified gravity can be used to explain the discrepancy. In this paper, we adopt the tensor-vector-scalar gravity (TeVe S), a relativistic version of Modified Newtonian Dynamics, to study gravitational lensing phenomena and derive the formulae needed to evaluate the Hubble constant. We test our method on quasar lensing by elliptical galaxies in the literature. We focus on double-image systems with time delay measurement. Three candidates are suitable for our study: HE 2149-2745, FBQ J0951+2635, and SBS 0909+532. The Hubble constant obtained is consistent with the value used to fit the cosmic microwave background result in a neutrino cosmological model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number154
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2013


  • dark matter
  • gravitation
  • gravitational lensing: strong


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