How Do Density Ceiling Controls Affect Housing Prices and Urban Boundaries?

Jyh Bang Jou, Tan Charlene Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


This article investigates how density ceiling controls in a monocentric city with a stochastic population affect housing prices and the location of the city boundary. We employ a real options model in which each landowner owns one unit parcel of land and chooses the timing and the level of capital intensity for development of the parcel. The landowner incurs up-front development costs that are irreversible and thereafter receives stochastic urban rents. A tighter density ceiling control will extend the urban boundary and decrease housing prices. The urban spatial expansion problem will be intact, but the landowner will delay development when city population is expected to grow less rapidly over time or becomes more volatile.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-241
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Real Estate Finance and Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2015


  • Capital intensity
  • Density ceiling controls
  • Development timing
  • Real options
  • Urban boundary


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