Highly efficient and stable P3CT-Na based MAPbI3 solar cells with a Sn-rich ITO anode

Chung Yu Li, Anjali Chandel, Jia Ren Wu, Diksha Thakur, Shou En Chiang, Kai Jen Cheng, Sheng Hui Chen, Ji Lin Shen, Sheng Hsiung Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Transmittance spectra, atomic-force microscopic images, energy-dispersive X-ray spectra and droplet contact angle images show that a facile wet etching process can be used to manipulate the thickness, surface roughness, surface chemical composition and surface wettability of the indium-tin oxide (ITO) thin films, which influences the molecular packing structure of the P3CT-Na thin films and thereby dominating the crystal quality of the CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) thin films. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the P3CT-Na based MAPbI3 solar cells can be improved from 17.02% to 19.35% by increasing the Sn/In concentration ratio of the ITO thin films from 0.36 to 0.47 with a facile wet etching process at a constant temperature of 40 °C. It is noted that the PCE of the optimal solar cell decreases slowly toward a stable PCE of 16% for more than 60 days under moderate environment conditions (55 ± 10 RH%).

Original languageEnglish
Article number111305
JournalSolar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • MAPbI solar cells
  • P3CT-Na thin films
  • Sn-rich ITO
  • Wet etching


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