Highly dispersed Pd/modified-Al2O3 catalyst on complete oxidation of toluene: Role of basic sites and mechanism insight

Xiaoyu Weng, Bingqing Shi, Annai Liu, Jingya Sun, Yan Xiong, Haiqin Wan, Shourong Zheng, Lin Dong, Yu wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Noble metal catalysts face high cost and limited resources challenge. Developing a high efficiency catalyst with low noble metal loading is an important way to meet this challenge. In this study, Mg-, Ba- and Zr-doped Pd/Al2O3 catalysts with Pd loading of 0.5 wt% were prepared by stepwise wet impregnation method and used for complete oxidation of toluene. These catalysts were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), CO chemisorption, hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), temperature-programmed desorption of CO2 (CO2-TPD) and temperature-programmed desorption of oxygen (O2-TPD). Catalytic reaction of toluene and isopropyl alcohol were carried out in a fixed bed micro-reactor under the condition of GHSV = 24,000 ml h−1gcat −1 with 500 ppm toluene or isopropyl alcohol. The results of XRD, Raman and XPS revealed that PdO is the major species in all of the catalysts. The size of PdO remarkably decreased on MgO-doped Al2O3 surface. The results of H2 temperature-programmed reduction and O2 temperature-programmed desorption indicated that the reducibility of PdO and the active oxygen species were enhanced by doping basic element. In situ diffusion reflectance-infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy proved that benzaldehyde and carboxylates were the intermediate products of toluene oxidation. The results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy on used catalysts demonstrated that many more Pd2+ species were detected in Pd/MgO-Al2O3 sample, suggesting that a Pd2+/Pd0 pairs was formed which is favored to the combustion of toluene. The results show that the catalytic performance of Pd/Al2O3 was promoted by modifying basic oxides in the order of Pd/MgO-Al2O3 > Pd/BaO-Al2O3 > Pd/ZrO2-Al2O3 > Pd/Al2O3. The catalytic activity of 0.5 wt% Pd/MgO (2.0 wt%)-Al2O3 was similar with that of 1.0 wt% Pd/Al2O3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number143747
JournalApplied Surface Science
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2019


  • Basic element doping
  • Catalytic oxidation
  • Pd/AlO
  • Toluene


Dive into the research topics of 'Highly dispersed Pd/modified-Al2O3 catalyst on complete oxidation of toluene: Role of basic sites and mechanism insight'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this