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The methods to enhance contrast ratios (CRs) in scattering-type transflective liquid crystal displays (ST-TRLCDs) based on polymer-network liquid crystal (PNLC) cells are investigated. Two configurations of ST-TRLCDs are studied and are compared with the common ST-TRLCDs. According to the comparisons, CRs are effectively enhanced by assembling a linear polarizer at the suitable position to achieve better dark states in the transmissive and reflective modes of the reported ST-TRLCDs with the optimized configuration, and its main trade-off is the loss of brightness in the reflective modes. The PNLC cell, which works as an electrically switchable polarizer herein, can be a PN-90° twisted nematic LC (PN-90° TNLC) cell or a homogeneous PNLC (H-PNLC) cell. The optoelectric properties of PN-90° TNLC and those of H-PNLC cells are compared in detail, and the results determine that the ST-TRLCD with the optimized configuration using an H-PNLC cell can achieve the highest CR. Moreover, no quarter-wave plate is used in the ST-TRLCD with the optimized configuration, so a parallax problem caused by QWPs can be solved. Other methods for enhancing the CRs of the ST-TRLCDs are also discussed.
- Light scattering
- Linearly polarized light
- Liquid crystals
- Polymer networks
- Transflective liquid crystal displays
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